Python Programming - A Beginner's Guide to the Basics

1. Installation:

  • To start coding in Python, you'll need to install the Python interpreter on your computer. Steps on how to do this as below:
  • Installation Guide

2. Running Python Code:

  • Once installed, you can run Python code using a text editor or an integrated development environment (IDE). Write your code in a .py file and execute it by running python3 in the command line.

3. Variables and Data Types:

  • Variables: In Python, you can declare variables to store values. Simply assign a value to a variable using the equals sign (=). For example, name = "John" assigns the string "John" to the variable name.

  • Data Types: Python supports various data types, including integers, floats, strings, booleans, lists, tuples, and dictionaries. You can assign different data types to variables based on your requirements.

  • An important concept when in any Programming language, it's always best to master the basics so you have a good foundation, read more about Variables / Data Types here:

  • Python - Variables and Data Types

4. Control Flow:

  • Conditional Statements: Python provides if, elif, and else statements for implementing conditional logic. These statements allow you to execute different blocks of code based on specific conditions.

  • Loops: Python offers two types of loops: the for loop and the while loop. The for loop is used for iterating over a sequence or collection, while the while loop continues execution until a specific condition becomes false.

  • Control Flow in Python refers to the ability to control the flow of program execution based on specific conditions or the need for repetitive tasks. It involves making decisions and repeating actions based on certain conditions. In Python, control flow is achieved through conditional statements and loops. Delve into Control flow further at:

  • Python - Condition Statements & Loops

5. Functions:

  • Defining Functions: Functions are blocks of reusable code that perform specific tasks. In Python, you can define functions using the def keyword. They can accept parameters and return values.
  • Built-in Functions: Python comes with a rich library of built-in functions that perform common tasks, such as printing output, calculating mathematical operations, and manipulating strings.

6. Input and Output:

  • Reading Input: You can prompt the user for input using the input() function. It accepts a string as a parameter and returns the user's input as a string.
  • Displaying Output: Python provides the print() function to display output on the console. You can print variables, strings, or the result of expressions.

7. Error Handling:

  • Exceptions: Python uses exceptions to handle errors and unexpected situations. By using try-except blocks, you can catch and handle exceptions gracefully, preventing your program from crashing.


Python is an incredibly versatile programming language that provides a solid foundation for beginners. In this article, we explored the basics of Python, including variables, data types, control flow, functions, input/output, and error handling. Armed with this knowledge, you're ready to embark on your Python coding journey. Keep practicing, exploring Python's vast ecosystem of libraries, and enjoy the journey of becoming a proficient Python programmer!